August 28, 2018 In By

2018 Quiz

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Which bioenergy market segment represents the highest final consumption in the EU-28?

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According to Eurostat’s calculations, since 2015 bioheat has been representing the 74% of the EU-28 final energy consumption, followed by bioelectricity with a 14%, and biofuels for transport covering the 13%. (Data: Eurostat)

According to Eurostat, the EU-28 forest coverage gained 322.800 hectares every year, equivalent to the size of:

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Contrary to common belief, EU-28 forests have been steadily growing over the past decades. In 1990, European forests represented a total of 19,7 billion m³. In 2015, EU-28 forests reached 26,5 billion m3. The EU-28 forest coverage gained 322.800 hectares every year, the size of a football field every minute (UEFA pitch standards). (Data: Eurostat)

What could prevent soil erosion and floods?

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Alternative feedstocks, such as ligno-cellulosic energy crops can complement demand while providing additional benefits (soil erosion prevention, flood protection etc..). This is why Bioenergy Europe advocates for better recognition of agricultural biomass and ligno-cellulosic energy crops within the future common agricultural policy (Data: Eurostat)

Which one of the EU-28 countries is the first consumer of bioenergy?

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With a 17% of bioenergy consumption, Germany is considered as the first consumer of bioenergy followed by France (12%), Italy (9%), Sweden (9%) and Finland (7%). These countries are known as the largest bioenergy consumers, representing more than a half of EU’s total consumption. (Data: Eurostat)

Which type of fuel is mostly consumed in Europe?

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Considering the EU-28 gross inland consumption of biomass for energy, solid biomass clearly appears as the main source of fuel consummed, representing 70% of the total (95.285 ktoe). The liquid biofuel and biogas sectors accounted respectively for 11,4% and 11,5% of the total gross inland consumption of bioenergy. (Data: Eurostat, EPC, USDA)

How many million tonnes of wood pellets did the EU-28 consume in 2016?

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In the EU-28, 21.7 million tonnes of wood pellets were consumed in 2016. A significant portion of it, 61%, was used for heat production. Pellet consumption for heat can be further divided into three markets – residential heating (42,5%), commercial heating (11.8%) and heat generated from CHP (7.3%). The remaining 38,4% was used for power production, either via CHP or dedicated power plants. (Data: Bioenergy Europe statistical report)

Which bioenergy sector reached the highest turnover in 2015?

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The solid biomass market, which reached its highest record in 2015 with 36.000 million EUR, drove the market to very satisfying results. Biogas and biofuel for transport faced limited decreases with respectively 6.910 and 13.100 million EUR turnovers in 2015. (Data: Eurobserv’ER)

What share of bioenergy consumed in Europe is locally sourced?

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95% of bioenergy consumed is sourced locally according to Eurostat. Bioenergy businesses operate mostly at regional and national level, bringing wealth and jobs to the local communities and economies.

To which extent is the EU still dependent on fossil fuels when it comes to transport?

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According to Eurostat, the EU-28’s total energy consumption in transport is still heavily relying on non-renewables (93.3%) with a slight decrease compared to 2015. Bioenergy accounts for 6% of the consumption in transport (mainly bioethanol and biodiesel).

How many jobs does bioenergy account for as of 2015?

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Since 2015, bioenergy has accounted for 489.000 jobs, of which 315.000 in the solid biomass industry alone. On the other hand, the biofuel industry, impacted by political u-turns, faced a rather strong decline that stabilised in 2013. The biogas and urban waste sectors are more stable, having experienced periods of limited growth and decline. (Data: EurObserv’ER)

What percentage of the wood harvested in 2016 in EU28 was used for energy?

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The percentage of wood removal harvested for energy purposes increased softly from 18% in 2000 to 22% in 2016. This remains around one fifth of the total harvest in the EU28, a situation comparable to the 90’s. At the same time the production of bioenergy has doubled in Europe. Wood that is used for energy purposes is of low quality and has no other application than the production of energy. (Data: FAO, UNECE)

To which extent did bioenergy contribute to Europe’s heating and cooling needs in 2015?

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Heating and cooling represents around 50% of the EU-28’s total energy consumption with 82% still powered by fossil fuels, a share that remains almost unchanged when compared with 2014. The share of renewable energy sources in the heating and cooling sector (18,6%) increased slightly in 2015 (0,51pp), with bioenergy representing 88% of the total contribution. (Data: Eurostat)

In which proportion are fossil fuels still accounting for EU28’s total energy consumption?

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2015 data shows that although the EU-28 seemed to be on track to reach and overpass its 20% renewable energy share by 2020, fossil energy remains largely predominant (83%). (Data: Eurostat)

Which technology is mainly used to generate electricity from biomass in Europe?

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Most of the biomass electricity in EU28 (57.7%) is generated by combined heat and power plants (CHP). This is the case for 22 of the 28 EU Member States. Only Belgium, Italy, Hungary, Spain, Ireland and the UK have more than 50% of their bioelectricity produced in power only plants. (Data: Eurostat)