Which renewable is the most consumed in EU-27?
Bioenergy accounts today for 58.9% of the renewable energy consumption. (Source: SHARES 2017, Eurostat)
On average, what percentage of the EU annual forest growth remains in the forest?
In the last two decades, European forest stocks have been growing and so did the carbon stored in them. On average, more than 30% of the annual forest increment remains in the forest, and it is estimated that the EU forest coverage increased by 322.800 hectares every year, equivalent to the size of 1 football field. (Source: Faostat, Eurostat, Bioenergy Europe)
Which country had the largest forest stock in 2015?
Germany accounted the highest share of forest stock (13,8 %), followed by Sweden (11,3 %) and France (10,8%), representing more than a third part of the total forest stock in EU28 (around 26,5 billion m3 in 2015). (Source: Eurostat)
In what industry 60% of the heat is produced by bioenergy?
60% of the heat used by the pulp and paper industry is produced by bioenergy. This important share shows that wood-working industries and bioenergy work very well together, as residues are used instead of ending up as waste. (Source: Eurostat)
How many million tonnes of oil equivalent of biodiesel were in the EU-27 transport energy mix in 2018?
Biodiesel is the most widely used biofuel in Europe, with more than 13,3 million tonnes of oil equivalent biodiesel blended into the European transport energy mix. (Source: Biofuels Report 2019, Eurostat)
What is bioethanol used for?
Bioethanol is mainly used as a fuel for vehicles but can also be used in the chemical industry (platform molecule, biosolvents, etc.) or as fuel to produce heat and/or electricity. (Source: ePuro)
In its long-term vision for the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG), the EU suggested that between 9 and 29 Mha of EU-28 surface should be used for dedicated energy crops. How many are we currently using?
There is a huge potential for dedicated energy crops to grow. Particularly favorable locations are situated in Eastern Europe and to a lesser extent in South West Europe. (Source: Bioenergy Europe)
Which of the next statements is true?
Energy crops are not only adaptable to a wide range of climate and soils conditions, but they can also successfully be grown on lands not ecologically suited for conventional farming practices. In addition, they have higher GHG efficiency than rotational arable crops because of their lower input requirements. (Source: OECD/IEA Report Sustainable production of biofuels 2010)
Which continent had the highest wood pellet consumption rate in 2018?
Europe consumed 52% of the world wood pellet consumption, while Asia and North America consumed both 47% and the remaining 1% were consumed in other countries in Europe. (Source: EPC survey 2019; Hawkins Wright)
What is the available potential biomass for energy in Europe?
406 Mtoe (17 EJ), which is 25% of the total energy consumption in EU-28 in 2016. This could be achieved by 2050. (Source: Eurostat, Bioenergy Europe)
District heating is a particularly developed infrastructure in Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania and Sweden, with shares of district heating bioheat consumption of around…
In 2017 these countries reached high shares for the use of biomass in district heating systems, which can today provide EU consumers with clean and efficient options that fit the needs of the clean energy era. (Source: Eurostat)
Compared to crude oil, biomass is:
Almost 86% of the biomass considered in the potential has a cost below 1.8 ct/kWh, which means that the bioenergy feedstock will cost far less than crude oil, priced at 3.8 ct/kWh (10.73 €/GJ). (Source: de Wit et al., 2010)
How many million tonnes of pellets were certified under the ENplus® certification in 2019?
In 2019, more than 12 million tonnes of pellets have been produced under the ENplus® certification, representing 77% of the pellets used in the European heating sector (CHP excl.). (Source: Bioenergy Europe)
What renewable energy creates more jobs?
The bioenergy sector, considered as a whole, creates more jobs than the solar and wind industry combined, with 703.200 jobs, of which 364.800 in the solid biomass industry alone. (Source: Bioenergy Landscape Report 2019)
What is the name of the technology that combines biomass energy applications with equipment used to take carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere to achieve negative CO2 emissions?
Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is the most mature among the key mitigation technologies to achieve negative CO2 emissions. (Source: Fuss et al. (2018), Negative emissions—Part 2: Costs, potentials and side effects)
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